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Vizuális diszkrimináció, keresés a szövegben

24. Feladat

A szövegértési feladatok megoldására készít fel a következő gyakorlat – szkennelő olvasás gyakorlása.

Vizuális diszkrimináció (alak-háttér tagolás / megkülönböztetés), keresés szövegben

Keresd meg és karikázd be a következő szövegben a child(ren) és a parent(s) szavakat!


Family, not area, is key to a child's education: Children with parents who spent extra year in education get better grades

The positive impact a parent can have on a child’s education is more important than where they live, a new study suggests. Growing up in an impoverished area is often blamed for holding back children academically. But a report’s findings indicate it is the attitude towards education within their family unit that really matters.

The research involved two groups of disadvantaged children in cities across England, all of whom were waiting to move into social housing in some of the most deprived neighbourhoods. One group moved in between one and three years before their Key Stage 3 tests at 14. The other started living there afterwards. When their performance in the tests was measured, both groups had almost identical average scores. Dr Felix Weinhardt, who conducted the research, said: ‘We have always tried to help the most disadvantaged children to get better life chances and one of the ways we thought we could do this is through housing policy. ‘But research now increasingly tells us that bad neighbourhood environments have no causal influence on these children’s school performances at all.’ The postdoctoral fellow in the London School of Economics’ Centre for Economic Performance added: ‘These two groups of students really get very bad grades – very similar to students who live in high-density social housing neighbourhoods and never moved. ‘This means that we definitely should think about ways to help them improve their school achievements but we cannot do it through housing policy.’

The children of parents who spend one extra year in education typically achieve one grade higher in two GCSEs or two grades higher in one GCSE than other pupils, it found. Previous research has found those who remain in education of training until 18 earn more money, are healthier and are less likely to break the law.

Professor Alan Smithers said: ‘The research shows that where somebody lives is much less important than what they carry around with them.

‘This includes what their interests are, how much support they get from their parents and how much their parents care about good education – which they can provide directly to their child and by finding them a good school to go to.’